PRINT FINISHING TERMS
A Simple Guide
CELLO GLAZE (Cello)
Cello glazing is the process of adhering a thin sheet of film to paper or board.
A special machine applies heat and pressure to apply the coating. Cello adds durability and sophistication to your product.
Regular Finishes: Gloss or Matt
Specialty Finishes: Durable Matt (scuff resistant), Soft Touch (Velvet), Rough Touch,
PLUS... Gold or Silver Metallised (Soft or Gloss Mirror finish).
Polyester Encapsulation is a method of stabilizing paper-based objects by sandwiching the object between slightly larger inert films of polyester and sealing the edges together. It is more protective than cello glazing and is waterproof. Commonly used for items like ID badges, or menus – any environment where you want to ensure long lasting prints with the ability to wipe clean too.
Die cutting is a process that cuts slits or shapes out of a print project. The die cut is done after the project is printed but before it is folded, collated, or glued. Die cutting can be as simple as small diagonal lines to hold a business card or a circle and a slit to hang a printed piece on a doorknob. Larger dies (formes) cut out the shape of an entire pocket folder, preparing it for folding and gluing. Die cutting may also be solely decorative to make it more attractive or noticeable.
CREASE (often referred to as Scoring)
A crease is actually very different to a score. Rather than actually 'cutting' into the stock, Creasing creates a 'dent' along the entire length of a desired fold. In order to achieve a good crease, both a male and female rule are often needed. The stock is pressed between both to force it to the desired crease shape.
HOT STAMP FOIL
Using a hot stamping machine, a block (die) is mounted in position and heated, with the product to be stamped placed beneath it. A metallised carrier film is inserted between the two, and the block presses down through it. The foil is impressed into the surface of the product. This process is non-polluting and does not release and toxins as the materials involved are dry.
Choose from a wide range of Metallic (gloss + matt), Holographic, Pigment and Clear or Translucent options. We stock foils from API (Ball & Doggett), Kurz and Milford Astor (Foilmakers).
Ask for a Foil colour swatch today!
Often used in combination with foil stamping, embossing alters the surface of paper stock by providing a three-dimensional or raised effect on selected areas. The procedure requires the use of a block and a counter (dies): one that is raised and one that is recessed. The dies fit into each other so that when the paper is pressed between them, the raised die forces the stock into the recessed die and creates the embossed impression. A specific level of pressure is applied to the dies in order to squeeze the fibers of the paper, which results in a permanently raised area in the paper.
Debossing is similar to embossing, but recesses the design rather than raising it. Rather than the paper being raised in specific areas, it is indented (pushed down). The process involves applying pressure to the front side of a substrate and forcing the material down from the surface. Debossing can often achieve a cleaner more crisp result than an emboss for fine artwork or text.
BLIND EMBOSS / BLIND DEBOSS
Blind embossing or debossing does not rely on the use of ink or foil to highlight the embossed area. The manipulation of the material is the only noticeable difference resulting from the embossing. The blind emboss/deboss process provides a clean and distinctive or subtle image on paper stock. It is best used to create a subtle impression or minimalist look to a piece.
COMBINATION EMBOSS (Foil + Emboss)
Combination embossing is the process of embossing and foil stamping the same image. It involves imprinting and aligning foil over an embossed image to create a foil emboss. A specialist block (die) is used, generally made of brass, which allows the embossing and foil stamping to be accomplished in one operation. This specialist process is commonly used for security seals to show authenticity (ie. for Government or Educational Certificates).